russia is waging a genocidal war in Ukraine. Please help Ukraine defend itself before russia has a chance to invade other countries.
Exploring the Intersection of Software Development, AI Innovation, and Entrepreneurial Success | How to provide feedback?

How to provide feedback?

Absolutely, the way feedback is delivered can significantly impact how it's received and acted upon. Constructive feedback, when given thoughtfully, can foster growth, encourage open communication, and strengthen professional relationships. The strategy of pairing positive comments with areas for improvement, often referred to as the "sandwich" method, helps ensure that feedback is balanced and productive.


The sandwich feedback approach is a popular method for giving constructive criticism that aims to cushion the impact of negative feedback with positive comments. This approach involves three key steps:

  1. Positive Feedback: Start with positive feedback that recognizes the individual's strengths or achievements. This sets a supportive tone for the conversation and makes the recipient more receptive to what follows.

  2. Constructive Criticism: Next, deliver the constructive criticism or the area that needs improvement. Because you've started with a positive note, the recipient is likely to be more open to hearing about areas where they can grow. It's important to be specific and focus on the behavior that needs to change, rather than the person's character.

  3. Positive Conclusion: End with another piece of positive feedback or encouragement that emphasizes your confidence in their ability to improve and your commitment to supporting their growth. This helps leave the conversation on a hopeful and constructive note.


  • Positive Start: "I've really been impressed with your dedication to meeting project deadlines, and your work ethic truly stands out in our team."

  • Constructive Criticism: "However, I've noticed that there have been a few instances where the details in your reports were not as thorough as they could be. For example, in the last report, there were a couple of missed calculations which led to some confusion during the review."

  • Positive Conclusion: "I know you have the capability to address this, as you've shown great attention to detail in other projects. How about we set up a review system for your reports? I'm here to support you, and together, we can ensure the highest quality in your work."


While the sandwich feedback method can be effective, especially in maintaining a positive relationship and environment, it's important to use it judiciously:

  • Clarity: Ensure the constructive criticism is clear and not lost between the positive comments. The goal is improvement, and the feedback should be understood as such.

  • Sincerity: The positive feedback given should be genuine. Insincere praise can dilute the message and lead to mistrust.

  • Frequency: If used too frequently, recipients may start to anticipate negative feedback whenever they hear positive comments, which can make them anxious or skeptical about the praise.

The effectiveness of the sandwich method depends on the context, the individual, and the delivery. It's one of many tools available for giving feedback, and its use should be tailored to suit the situation and the people involved.

Your insights provide valuable guidance on refining communication skills, particularly in professional settings. Let's distill the essence of your advice into actionable principles:

1. Embrace Tentative Language:

Acknowledging uncertainty not only reflects humility but also opens up space for dialogue and collaboration. Statements like "I think this code may have performance issues" invite discussion rather than defensiveness, fostering a more productive and collaborative problem-solving environment.

2. The Significance of Body Language:

Non-verbal cues play a crucial role in communication. Engaging your whole self, especially when listening, signals respect and attentiveness to the speaker. Effective communication involves active listening, maintaining eye contact, and being mindful of your gestures and expressions to reinforce your engagement and understanding.

3. Efficiency in Digital Communication:

In digital platforms, especially within fast-paced environments like software development, efficiency is key. Starting your message with the core request or information ("Ask from the get-go") respects everyone's time and gets to the point quickly. This approach minimizes delays and streamlines the process of obtaining assistance or feedback.

4. Leading with the Core Point:

Whether in writing or speaking, presenting the main idea first ("Think of a 'tldr'") ensures that your audience grasps the essential message even if they don't absorb every detail. This strategy helps maintain interest and clarity, especially in technical discussions where the propensity to "go into the weeds" can obscure the main point and lead to confusion.

Implementing These Principles:

  • Mindful Expression: Regularly reflect on your choice of words, tone, and body language. Consider how they might be perceived and strive to align them with your intent.

  • Practice Active Listening: Work on listening skills as much as, if not more than, your speaking or writing skills. Demonstrating that you've understood someone else's perspective is foundational to effective communication.

  • Clarity and Brevity in Writing: When composing emails or messages, review them before sending to ensure they are direct and clear. Edit out unnecessary greetings or pleasantries that don't add value to the communication.

  • Structure Your Thoughts: Before meetings or presentations, outline the key points you want to communicate. Leading with a summary or conclusion helps orient your audience and makes the following details more meaningful.

Adapting these principles into your daily communication practices can significantly enhance your ability to convey ideas clearly, collaborate effectively, and build stronger professional relationships. Remember, effective communication is a skill that develops over time with intention, practice, and feedback. Using tentative language is another critical aspect of giving constructive feedback. It shows respect for the recipient's feelings and acknowledges that your perspective is one of many. This approach encourages a dialogue rather than dictating what is right or wrong, facilitating a more receptive environment for growth and improvement. Here's another example, focusing on time management in project delivery:

Less Effective Feedback: "You're always missing your project deadlines, and it's disrupting our workflow."

More Effective Feedback: "I've noticed how dedicated you are to delivering thorough work on your projects, and it's clear you put a lot of effort into ensuring quality. I wonder if there might be an opportunity to review your project timelines? Sometimes, it seems like the deadlines are a bit tight, leading to some delays. Perhaps we could explore strategies together for managing these timelines more effectively, ensuring that we meet our team's workflow needs without compromising the quality of work you're known for. What do you think?"

In this more effective feedback, positive recognition of effort and quality sets a supportive tone. The use of tentative language ("I wonder if", "Perhaps we could") invites collaboration rather than criticism, and presenting the issue as a mutual challenge ("explore strategies together") emphasizes teamwork and shared goals.

Remember, the goal of constructive feedback isn't to point out flaws for the sake of it but to help each other grow and succeed. Your approach to giving feedback, especially as a leader or team member, can significantly influence the team's dynamics, encouraging a culture of continuous improvement and mutual respect.


1. Empathy in Communication:

Empathy isn't just about understanding others' feelings; it's about truly seeing the situation from their perspective. This involves active listening, patience, and the willingness to suspend one's own judgments temporarily. When you communicate with empathy, you're not just exchanging information; you're building trust and rapport, which are foundational to any successful relationship, whether personal or professional.

2. Understanding Others' Incentives:

In a corporate environment, recognizing what motivates individuals can significantly enhance how you communicate with them. People are often driven by a mix of personal values, organizational culture, and the tangible rewards of their work, such as recognition, promotion, or bonuses. Tailoring your communication to align with these incentives not only makes your message more persuasive but also demonstrates your respect for their goals and challenges.

3. The Value of Over-Communication:

The fear of being "annoying" sometimes holds people back from sharing information freely. However, the cost of under-communication—misalignment, confusion, duplicated efforts, or missed opportunities—is far higher. Striving for over-communication ensures that everyone has access to the information they need to make informed decisions, align their efforts with organizational goals, and feel included in the process. The key is to find the balance that ensures clarity without overwhelming your audience.

Implementing Effective Communication Strategies:

  • Active Listening: Make a conscious effort to listen more than you speak. This helps in truly understanding the other person's point of view and responding more thoughtfully.

  • Feedback Loops: Establish regular feedback mechanisms to ensure that messages are received as intended and to make adjustments as needed.How to provide feedback?

  • Adaptability: Recognize that effective communication styles may vary with different individuals and situations. Be willing to adapt your approach based on the context and the people involved.

  • Transparency: Be open about your intentions, challenges, and the rationale behind decisions or requests. This builds trust and reduces speculation or uncertainty.

  • Accessibility: Make it easy for others to reach you and encourage open dialogue. Foster an environment where questions, concerns, and ideas can be freely shared.

Effective communication is both an art and a science, requiring ongoing effort and reflection. By focusing on empathy, understanding incentives, and prioritizing clear, open exchanges, you can significantly improve your ability to connect with and influence others, both within and outside the workplace. 



Building meaningful professional relationships is fundamentally rooted in trust. The nuances you've outlined provide a holistic view of how trust can be cultivated and nurtured, particularly through one-on-one meetings. Let's distill these insights into actionable strategies:

1. Foster Trust Proactively:

Initiating trust in others often catalyzes reciprocal trust-building. Approach interactions with a presumption of reliability and integrity, creating a foundation for open, honest communication. This mutual trust accelerates collaboration and deepens professional bonds.

2. Value of Small Talk:

Allocating a few minutes for personal conversations in one-on-ones demonstrates genuine interest in colleagues as individuals, beyond their work roles. This personal connection reinforces empathy and understanding, essential components of a trusting relationship.

3. Embrace Transparency:

Honesty, especially in challenging conversations, is crucial. Directness, tempered with tact and empathy, fosters a culture of openness. This transparency encourages others to share their true thoughts and feelings, enhancing mutual understanding and trust.

4. Incorporate Humor and Humility:

Humor, particularly self-deprecating humor, can lighten the mood and show your human side. It helps break down barriers, making you more relatable and approachable. However, it's essential to be mindful of the context and ensure that humor is used appropriately.

5. Express Gratitude:

Regularly acknowledging and appreciating the efforts and achievements of colleagues is incredibly affirming. Genuine expressions of gratitude can boost morale, reinforce positive behaviors, and contribute to a culture of respect and appreciation.

Implementing These Approaches:

  • Prepare for One-on-Ones: Spend time preparing for each meeting, considering both the professional and personal topics you want to cover. This preparation shows you value the interaction and are invested in the relationship.

  • Practice Active Listening: Demonstrate genuine interest in what the other person has to say, without rushing to respond or judge. This attentiveness is a powerful way to build trust.

  • Be Consistent: Trust is built over time through consistent actions and behaviors. Make honesty, transparency, and appreciation regular features of your interactions.

  • Personalize Your Approach: Recognize and adapt to the individual preferences and comfort levels of your colleagues. What builds trust with one person may not work as well with another.

  • Reflect and Adjust: Regularly reflect on your interactions and be open to feedback. Being willing to adjust your approach based on new understandings or insights is a sign of respect and humility.

Cultivating trust requires intentionality and effort, but the payoff in terms of stronger, more effective collaborations and deeper professional relationships is immeasurable. By integrating these strategies into your interactions, you can create a work environment where trust thrives, and everyone feels valued and understood. 

Recognizing and appreciating the contributions of others, regardless of the scale, is a fundamental aspect of fostering a positive and collaborative work environment. Here’s how you can effectively express gratitude and acknowledge the good deeds of your colleagues:

1. Acknowledge Every Effort:

Make it a habit to thank your colleagues for both their small and significant contributions. Whether it's a helpful tip, a completed task, or support on a challenging project, acknowledging their effort shows you value their input and dedication. Remember, a simple "Thank you for your help on this" or "I really appreciate your effort" can make a big difference in someone's day.

2. Be Specific in Your Thanks:

When expressing gratitude, be specific about what you are thankful for. This not only makes your thanks feel more sincere but also reinforces the behaviors and actions you appreciate. For example, instead of a generic "Thanks for all you do," say "Thank you for staying late yesterday to help finalize our presentation. Your input was invaluable."

3. Public Recognition:

Publicly acknowledging someone's hard work, such as during team meetings or on company-wide platforms, can significantly boost morale. It not only makes the individual feel recognized but also sets a positive example for the team.

4. Personalized Thank-You Notes:

A personalized thank-you note, whether digital or handwritten, can be a powerful way to express your appreciation. Taking the time to craft a message that highlights the impact of their actions demonstrates a deep level of gratitude.

5. Reach Out to Their Manager:

When someone goes above and beyond, consider reaching out to their manager to express your gratitude. This not only deepens the impact of your thanks but can also positively affect the individual’s career, such as being acknowledged during performance reviews. Ensure your message conveys the specific contributions of the individual and the impact of their efforts.

Implementing Gratitude in Your Daily Routine:

  • Create a Gratitude Reminder: Set a daily or weekly reminder to reflect on who has helped you or done excellent work and take a moment to thank them.

  • Encourage a Culture of Gratitude: Lead by example and encourage your peers to also recognize and appreciate the efforts of others. This can help foster a culture of mutual respect and appreciation.

  • Recognize Efforts in Real-Time: Whenever possible, thank people shortly after they’ve helped you or completed a task. Timely recognition can feel more genuine and impactful.

Expressing gratitude is a simple yet powerful way to build relationships, encourage positive behavior, and create a supportive work environment. It’s a practice that benefits both the giver and receiver, enhancing overall team morale and productivity. 

Resolving disagreements effectively is a vital skill, especially in collaborative environments like the workplace. The approach you've outlined emphasizes empathy, understanding, and the pursuit of mutual goals over winning an argument. Here are some key principles to guide the resolution process:

1. Seek Understanding, Not Victory:

  • Self-Scrutiny: Challenge your own position first. If you can understand and articulate the weaknesses in your argument, you're better prepared to engage constructively with others.
  • Open Dialogue: Enter discussions with an open mind, ready to hear and consider the other side's perspectives. This attitude encourages reciprocation and fosters a collaborative environment.

2. Acknowledge and Integrate Other Perspectives:

  • Understanding Incentives: Recognize the motivations and constraints influencing the other party. This awareness can guide more empathetic and effective communication.
  • Solution-Oriented Language: Use language that focuses on solutions and outcomes rather than blame or rigid positions. This shifts the conversation from conflict to collaboration.

3. Embrace Compromise:

  • Finding Common Ground: Look for aspects of the disagreement where both parties can agree or concede. This shared foundation can be a stepping stone to broader agreement.
  • Incremental Progress: Propose intermediate steps or partial solutions that address both parties' needs and concerns. This demonstrates commitment to progress and respect for the other perspective.

Implementing These Strategies:

Scenario: Suppose there's a disagreement on project scope within a tight deadline.

Less Effective Approach: Insisting on discarding parts of the project without discussing the reasons and potential compromises.

More Effective Approach:

  1. Appreciate the Work: Start by acknowledging the quality and effort behind the work or proposal. ("These designs look amazing!")
  2. Address Constraints: Clearly, but gently, explain the constraints you're working under. ("However, our timeline is pretty tight.")
  3. Propose Compromises: Offer solutions that balance both sides' needs. ("Can we focus on the core elements now and plan for the additional features in a subsequent phase?")
  4. Seek Input: Encourage the other party to suggest alternatives or modifications. This can lead to creative solutions that respect both parties' concerns and goals.

Cultivating a Collaborative Mindset:

  • Reflect on Disagreements: After resolving a disagreement, take time to reflect on the process. What worked well? What could have been handled differently? This reflection can refine your approach for future conflicts.
  • Build a Culture of Respect: Regularly practice and encourage these strategies within your team. Over time, this can build a culture where disagreements are seen as opportunities for innovation rather than obstacles to progress.

Resolving disagreements with empathy, respect, and a focus on mutual success strengthens relationships, enhances collaboration, and leads to more innovative and sustainable solutions.

In a remote work environment, communication undergoes significant shifts, both in form and function. The changes you've outlined highlight key areas where remote work distinctly impacts communication dynamics. Let's delve into these aspects and explore strategies for effective communication in a remote setting:

1. Loss of Ad-hoc Communication:

  • Strategies:
    • Implement virtual "water cooler" channels on platforms like Slack or Microsoft Teams where team members can have informal chats and share non-work-related content.
    • Schedule regular virtual coffee breaks or social hours to foster casual interactions among team members.

2. Reduced Depth of Presence:

  • Strategies:
    • Encourage turning on video during calls to enhance the sense of presence and enable non-verbal cues to be part of the communication.
    • Use expressive gestures and facial expressions to convey engagement and empathy during video calls.

3. Emphasize Video Use for Engagement:

  • Strategies:
    • Create guidelines that encourage video usage during calls while respecting individuals' comfort and privacy boundaries.
    • Lead by example: Managers and team leaders should consistently use video to set a standard for the team.

4. Prioritize 1 on 1 Meetings:

  • Strategies:
    • Schedule regular 1 on 1 meetings with direct reports and encourage team members to do the same with each other.
    • Use these sessions not just for project updates but to check in on the individual’s well-being, career goals, and personal development.

5. Enhance Asynchronous Communication Skills:

  • Strategies:
    • Develop and refine technical writing skills across the team through workshops or courses.
    • Encourage the practice of writing clear, concise, and informative project updates, ensuring all team members are aligned and informed.
    • Implement a structured format for project updates to make them easy to read and understand.

6. Frequent Project Updates:

  • Strategies:
    • Utilize project management tools to maintain visibility of project statuses and updates.
    • Encourage team members to share bi-weekly or monthly project summaries, highlighting achievements, challenges, and next steps.

Implementing Remote Communication Best Practices:

  • Adopt Comprehensive Communication Tools: Utilize a range of tools that support various types of communication needs—video conferencing for face-to-face interactions, messaging apps for quick conversations, and project management software for tracking progress.

  • Cultivate an Inclusive Culture: Be mindful of time zones and work schedules, ensuring that communication practices don't inadvertently exclude any team members.

  • Encourage Openness and Feedback: Create an environment where team members feel comfortable sharing their thoughts on communication practices, and be willing to adapt based on feedback.

Remote work challenges traditional communication norms, requiring deliberate strategies to maintain and enhance team cohesion, collaboration, and productivity. By addressing the unique aspects of remote communication head-on, teams can thrive in a distributed work environment.


Mastering communication is indeed pivotal for software engineers, especially as they progress into senior roles. Effective communication can enhance team dynamics, facilitate problem-solving, and drive projects to success. Let’s explore strategies aligned with the objectives you’ve outlined:

1. Earning Trust Quickly and Making People Like You Fast:

  • Show Genuine Interest: Take the time to learn about your colleagues’ interests, projects, and challenges. Asking thoughtful questions and actively listening to the answers goes a long way in building rapport.
  • Be Reliable: Consistently deliver on your promises and commitments. Reliability builds trust and demonstrates your commitment to the team's success.
  • Offer Help: Proactively offer assistance to your colleagues. Being helpful without expecting anything in return can quickly endear you to others.

2. Resolving Disagreements:

  • Seek to Understand First: Before presenting your viewpoint, make a genuine effort to understand the other person’s perspective. This approach can defuse tension and open the door to productive dialogue.
  • Focus on Objectives: Keep discussions centered on shared goals and outcomes rather than personal opinions. This helps maintain a professional tone and fosters a solution-oriented mindset.
  • Embrace Compromise: Be willing to find a middle ground that respects both sides' key concerns. Compromise can often lead to innovative solutions that satisfy all parties.

3. Making it Easy for Others to Understand and Resonate with You:

  • Clarify Your Messages: Use clear, concise language when conveying ideas. Avoid jargon or overly technical terms unless you're sure your audience understands them.
  • Use Analogies and Examples: Illustrate complex concepts with analogies or examples that relate to common experiences. This can make your ideas more accessible and engaging.
  • Be Receptive to Feedback: Encourage and respond positively to feedback on your communication style. Being open to improvement shows your commitment to effective teamwork.

4. Being a Friendly, Visible, and High-Performing Presence:

  • Participate Actively: Contribute to discussions, meetings, and team activities. Your active participation demonstrates engagement and commitment.
  • Showcase Your Work: Regularly share your achievements and learnings with the team. This visibility not only highlights your contributions but also encourages knowledge sharing.
  • Cultivate Positivity: Maintain a positive attitude, even in challenging situations. Positivity can be contagious and contribute to a supportive team environment.

Implementing These Strategies in Both Remote and In-Person Settings:

  • Leverage Technology: Use video calls, messaging apps, and collaboration tools to stay connected with remote teams. Be mindful of maintaining engagement and visibility even when you're not physically present.
  • Schedule Regular Check-ins: Whether remote or in-person, regular one-on-one meetings with colleagues can help strengthen relationships and provide opportunities for direct communication.
  • Be Culturally Sensitive: Recognize and respect the diverse backgrounds and communication styles within your team. Adapt your communication approach to be inclusive and understanding of differences.

Developing your communication skills can transform your impact as a software engineer, making you a more effective collaborator, leader, and innovator. By focusing on trust, resolution, clarity, and presence, you can enhance your influence and contribute more significantly to your team and projects.


Comments are closed